150 базовых английских глаголов

Список из самых распространенных глаголов в разговорной английской речи. В списке: озвучка и перевод каждого слова.

Лексика
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Продолжаем говорить о том, что важно запомнить в первую очередь, если изучение английского языка только начинается.

Сегодня рассмотрим глаголы, которые описывают наши планы, действия, а также то, что происходит вокруг. Глагол – обязательная часть любого английского предложения. Вашему вниманию список из 150 самых часто используемых.

Не зубрите глагол просто так. Прочитайте, прослушайте озвучку, повторите несколько раз, посмотрите примеры употребления и составьте свои фразы. Добавьте слова в личный словарь на LingvoHabit и продолжайте тренироваться, добавляя по 2-3 новых глагола ежедневно!

Слово / Перевод Пример
achieve
достигать
  • The Republic of Tunisia achieved independence from France in 1957.
add
добавлять
  • When the sauce is thick, add the cheese.
agree
соглашаться
  • I asked her to marry me, and she agreed.
  • The statements given by the two witnesses did not agree.
allow
позволять , разрешать
  • I'm sorry, sir, but smoking is not allowed.
answer
ответить , отвечать
  • You haven't answered my question.
appear
появляться
  • One day a stranger appeared on their doorstep.
approve
утверждать , одобрять
  • The new coins were approved by the King.
ask
спрашивать , спросить
  • I wondered who had given her the ring but was afraid to ask.
  • If you need any help, just ask.
avoid
избегать
  • We crossed the road to avoid him.
be
быть , являться , находиться
  • Be quiet! I can't hear what they're saying.
become
становиться , стать
  • The sky became dark.
begin
начинать , начинаться , начать
  • She felt her life was just beginning.
  • He began shouting abuse at them.
believe
верить
  • Scientists believe a cure for the disease will be discovered soon.
break
ломать , разбивать
  • People were throwing stones and several windows were broken.
bring
приносить , приводить , привезти , доставлять
  • Bring a coat in case it turns cold.
build
строить , укреплять
  • Do you know when this house was built?
buy
покупать , купить
  • I need to buy some new clothes.
call
звонить , звать , называть , вызывать
  • Her name's Elizabeth, but we call her Liz.
  • He called her from the station.
cancel
отменять
  • If you're too busy to see them, I'll phone and cancel the meeting.
carry
нести , переносить
  • Do you mind carrying this box for me?
catch
ловить , поймать , успеть (на транспорт) , схватить
  • I caught the next train back to London.
change
поменять , изменить , менять , обменять , заменить
  • Some things never change.
  • After a few days the weather changed dramatically.
choose
выбирать
  • Do you feel that you chose the wrong career?
  • She is forced to choose between her husband and her parents.
close
закрыть , закрывать
  • Close the door quietly behind you.
come
приходить , приезжать , приехать , наступить , прийти
  • A tall woman in black was coming across the lawn.
  • We came to the conclusion that she must be telling the truth.
  • The new changes will come into effect next month.
connect
подсоединять , соединять
  • She carefully connected the two wires.
  • Please wait, we are trying to connect you.
continue
продолжить , продолжать
  • He continued typing while he spoke.
cook
готовить
  • Cook the apple slowly until it is soft.
create
создавать
  • How do I create a new file?
cry
лить слёзы , плакать
  • I could hear someone crying outside.
cut
нарезать , резать
  • I'm going to cut the cake now.
dance
танцевать
  • I was too shy at first to ask her to dance.
decide
решать
  • He decided to stay and see what would happen.
depend
зависеть
  • Their future depends on how well they do in these exams.
  • The project's success depends on the support of everyone concerned.
develop
развивать , развиваться
  • Markets for such high-priced products develop slowly.
  • All children develop at different rates.
die
умирать
  • My grandfather died at the age of 86.
discuss
обсуждать
  • We're meeting to discuss the matter next week.
do
делать
  • I haven't seen you in a while – how are you doing ?
draw
рисовать
  • Someone had drawn a map of the island.
drink
пить
  • He drank three glasses of water.
drive
вести машину , водить
  • I like driving very much, even when I am travelling.
eat
кушать , есть
  • We sat on the grass and ate our sandwiches.
end
заканчивать , заканчиваться , завершать
  • The marriage ended after only 11 months.
  • I'd like to end my speech by thanking the people who made this conference possible.
explain
объяснять
  • I will try to explain how a car engine works.
fall
падать , снижаться , опускаться , упасть
  • Ann’s just fallen downstairs and hurt her back.
  • The temperature has been falling steadily all day.
fear
бояться
  • Health experts fear that a flu epidemic will hit Britain this winter.
feel
чувствовать
  • I was feeling cheerful when they came.
find
находить , обнаружить , найти
  • Have you already found the keys?
finish
заканчивать , закончить
  • I've nearly finished my work.
fly
летать , лететь
  • I flew from London to Amsterdam to meet the other members of the group.
follow
следовать
  • Sam opened the door and followed me down the hall.
forget
забывать , забыть
  • I've forgotten her phone number.
  • She forgot her sunglasses.
  • Try to forget about him.
  • I think we can forget the idea of a holiday this year.
get
получать , становиться , доставать , добираться , получить
  • Ross's father got a new job.
  • It's getting late – I have to go.
  • You need to get your hair cut.
  • How long does it take to get from London to Leeds?
give
давать
  • Could you give me that pen?
go
идти , ехать , ходить , ездить , пойти
  • Where did Sue go?
  • None of her brothers went to college.
  • Where did all their money go?
grow
расти , вырастать , выращивать
  • In the early part of the century, the industry grew steadily.
  • She could feel the anger growing inside her.
  • The problem continues to grow.
happen
случаться
  • The accident happened at 4.30 pm yesterday.
have
иметь , обладать
  • They have a house in Hanover Square.
  • They have got two kids of their own.
hear
слышать
  • Do you hear the birds singing outside?
help
помогать , помочь
  • If you are finding that difficult, I could help you.
hit
бить , удариться , ударять , врезаться
  • She threw her glass across the room and it hit the wall.
hold
обнимать , держать
  • He sat beside me and held me tight.
hope
надеяться
  • I just hope she's pleasant to him on his birthday.
include
включать , содержать
  • Does this price include the insurance?
join
присоединяться , вступать , принять участие
  • I'm thinking of joining a choir.
jump
прыгать
  • You'll have to jump if you want to catch it.
keep
сохранять , держать , хранить
  • Keep still while I brush your hair.
  • I think we should keep this one and sell the others.
  • Read this letter carefully, and keep it in a safe place.
kill
убивать
  • Each year thousands of people are killed and injured on the roads.
know
знать , узнавать
  • 'Have they arrived yet?' 'I don't know.'
  • Some of you may know Ivan already.
learn
учить , узнавать , учиться , научиться , изучить
  • What did you learn at school today?
leave
уезжать , покидать , уходить
  • Our train to London leaves at five tomorrow.
let
позволить
  • Her parents didn't let her go out yesterday.
lie
обманывать , врать , лгать
  • I suspect she lies about her age.
listen
слушать
  • What kind of music do you listen to?
live
жить , проживать
  • Paris is a nice place to live.
look
смотреть , вглянуть , выглядеть
  • Look! There's John!
  • The room looked a complete mess.
lose
терять , проигрывать
  • Did Mike lose his job last year?
love
любить
  • We love each other, and we're going to get married.
  • She loved her children with all her heart.
make
делать , создавать , заставлять , изготавливать
  • Jane made coffee while the guests were finishing their dessert.
mean
значить , означать , иметь в виду
  • This English word means something different in German.
  • What do you mean by that remark?
meet
встречать , встречаться , встретить
  • I'll meet you in the bar later.
  • The two teams met last year in the final.
  • The two rivers meet just north of the town.
move
передвигаться , двигать , переезжать
  • Could you help me move the bookcase away from the wall?
need
нуждаться
  • You'll need some warm clothes for the winter.
offer
предлагать
  • They haven't offered me the job yet.
  • Smaller hotels often offer greater comfort at lower prices.
open
открывать , открыть
  • Can you open this jam jar?
  • Open your books at page 25.
order
заказывать , приказывать
  • What dessert would you like to order?
  • They ordered him to leave the room.
pass
проходить , проезжать , пройти мимо , пройти , передать , сдать
  • They stopped at the crossing, waiting for the train to pass.
  • She passed her driving test.
pay
платить , заплатить , оплачивать
  • Let me pay for dinner.
  • Did Linda pay you for looking after her cats while she was away?
plan
собираться , планировать
  • What are you planning to write in the report?
  • My boss is planning to retire at 50.
play
играть
  • The children were playing football in the park.
prepare
готовить , подготавливать
  • I was asked to prepare a report for our next meeting.
  • Wash your hands before eating or preparing food.
produce
производить
  • She works for a company that produces electrical goods.
prohibit
запрещать
  • Motor vehicles are prohibited from driving in the town centre.
provide
снабжать
  • All meals are provided at no additional cost.
put
класть , положить
  • Put your book on the shelf.
raise
растить , поднимать
  • A number of children raised their hands.
  • Are there any other questions you would like to raise at the meeting?
read
читать
  • I read a few chapters of a book every night.
receive
получать
  • We have not received your letter.
remember
вспомнить , помнить
  • I can still remember every word of our conversation.
remind
напоминать , напомнить
  • I can't think of his name – can you remind me?
repeat
повторять
  • Can you repeat what you just said, please?
respond
отвечать , отзываться , ответить
  • She hugged him, but he didn't respond.
return
возвращаться , вернуться
  • She left South Africa at the age of 15 and has never returned.
ride
ехать верхом , кататься верхом , поехать , ехать , кататься
  • I learned to ride a horse only last year.
  • Have you ever ridden on a camel?
  • He rides to school on his bicycle.
run
бежать , бегать , управлять , проводить
  • You'll have to run if you want to catch the bus.
  • Some people run their lives according to the movements of the stars.
  • He's been running a restaurant since he left university.
say
сказать , говорить , произносить , произнести
  • 'Pleased to meet you,' he said with a smile.
  • I think we should stop now. What do you say?
search
искать
  • Detectives have been brought in to help search for clues.
see
видеть , посмотреть , взглянуть
  • Can you see John there?
seem
казаться , выглядеть
  • John seems nice.
  • It seems there's going to be a slight delay.
  • It seems to me he isn't the right person for the job.
sell
продавать , продать
  • They've already sold over two million copies of their record.
send
отправлять , посылать , присылать , послать
  • I sent the letters yesterday, so they should arrive today.
serve
служить , подавать (еду) , подавать , накрывать на стол
  • Do they serve meals in the bar?
  • He served in the army for 22 years.
set
устанавливать , определить , поставить , разворачиваться (о сюжете) , ставить
  • He set a vase of flowers on the table.
  • The campsite is set in the middle of a pine forest.
  • "West Side Story" is set in New York City in the late 1950s.
shout
кричать , орать
  • There's no need to shout, I can hear you very well.
show
показывать , показать
  • Show me your tickets, sir.
sing
петь
  • Malcolm likes singing in the bath.
sit
сидеть
  • They sat in silence, unable to look at each other.
smile
улыбаться
  • Why are you smiling at me?
solve
решать , решить
  • We can help you solve your financial problems.
speak
говорить
  • I phoned your office and spoke to your assistant.
  • There was a long pause before she spoke again.
  • Do you speak Chinese?
spend
тратить , проводить время
  • How much money do we spend each month?
  • We spent the day at the beach.
  • How much time do you spend on homework?
stand
стоять
  • He apologized for standing on my foot.
start
начинать
  • When do you start your your new job?
stay
оставаться , держаться , останавливаться , жить
  • How long are you going to stay in Thailand?
stop
остановиться , остановить , прекращать
  • Stop at the cinema please.
study
учиться
  • Michael is studying to be a lawyer.
suggest
предлагать , предложить , советовать
  • I suggest we have dinner first, and then watch the film.
support
поддерживать
  • Everyone came together to support him in his decision.
swim
плавать
  • Pollution has made it unsafe to swim in the lake.
take
брать , взять
  • Don't forget to take an extra pair of shoes.
  • I've decided not to take the job.
talk
разговаривать , болтать
  • My little girl has just started to talk.
teach
обучать , преподавать , учить , научить
  • How long have you been teaching here?
tell
рассказывать , говорить , сообщать , сказать
  • If you see anything suspicious, tell the police.
  • I'm not asking you – I'm telling you!
thank
благодарить
  • He thanked me for taking him home.
think
думать
  • What do you think he wants?
translate
переводить
  • We were asked to translate a list of sentences into English.
travel
путешествовать
  • I wish I didn't have to travel so much.
try
пытаться , пробовать , стараться
  • I know she's not very helpful, but she does try.
turn
превратить , повернуть , поворачивать
  • I turned and smiled at him.
  • He turned 30 in April.
  • The weather turned warm in the morning.
understand
понимать , понять
  • If you don't understand, just put your hand up.
use
употребить , использовать , воспользоваться
  • The old hospital isn't used any more.
visit
навещать , посещать
  • We visited a few galleries while we were in Prague.
walk
гулять , ходить
  • Has your little boy learned to walk yet?
want
хотеть
  • We desperately want rain.
watch
смотреть
  • Watch how well she handles the ball.
  • How often do you watch TV?
wear
носить , одевать , быть одетым , надевать
  • He was wearing jeans and a T-shirt.
win
выигрывать , выиграть , победить
  • Every time we play tennis, she wins.
wish
желать , пожелать
  • I wish he would stop interfering.
work
работать
  • I've been working in the garden all day.
write
писать , записывать , выписывать
  • Emily is just learning to write.
  • He ought to have enough stories to write a book.
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