150 базовых английских существительных

Список из самых распространенных существительных в разговорной английской речи. В списке: озвучка и перевод каждого слова.

Лексика
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Сегодня мы предлагаем вам изучить список из 150 самых часто используемых в речи английских существительных по версии словарей Oxford и Macmillan.

Важное напоминание: английские существительные ставят перед собой артикль. Неопределённый – a, an или определённый – the.

Прослушайте озвучку каждого слова и повторите вслух. Если плохо помните существительное или слово для вас совсем новое, добавьте его в личный словарь на LingvoHabit и начинайте тренировать!

Слово / Перевод Пример
action
действие
  • We have two possible courses of action.
activity
деятельность , активность , мероприятие , действие
  • Guests can enjoy plenty of activities, like swimming, surfing, and horse-riding.
age
возраст
  • It was difficult to guess his age.
air
воздух
  • She breathed in the cold air.
animal
животное , зверь
  • Both children are real animal lovers.
  • Humans, insects, reptiles, birds, and mammals are all animals.
area
область , участок
  • Bus services in rural areas are not very good.
authority
авторитет , крупный специалист , орган власти
  • Charles was an authority on antique musical instruments.
bank
банк
  • She works for the Bank of England.
body
тело
  • We do not really understand how mind and body interact.
book
книга
  • What book would you like to read during the flight?
building
здание
  • The church is the only ancient building in the city to survive.
business
дело , работа , бизнес
  • Kevin was away on business last week.
car
автомобиль , машина
  • She got into her car and drove away.
case
случай , дело , пример
  • I think we can make an exception in your case.
centre
центр
  • We caught a bus to the centre of Paris.
century
век
  • His family has ruled Morocco since the 17th century.
change
сдача , мелочь
  • Here's your change.
child
ребёнок
  • All of our children are grown and married.
city
город
  • New and better hotels are springing up in most of Russia's major cities.
community
сообщество , общество
  • I wanted to work somewhere where I could serve the community.
company
компания
  • Max works for a large oil company.
condition
состояние , условие
  • The survey will assess the condition of thousands of bridges.
control
контроль
  • When Marie's father died, control of the business passed into her hands.
country
страна
  • Ministers from four countries met today in Washington.
course
курс , блюдо
  • You could do a language course abroad.
  • A traditional British main course consists of a meat dish with potatoes and other vegetables.
court
суд
  • The letter was read aloud in court.
day
день
  • We're going away for five days.
decision
решение
  • The committee should make its decision later this week.
development
развитие
  • We encourage our staff in their development of new skills.
door
дверь
  • For these young men, a sports career can be a door to fame and fortune.
education
образование
  • Education is a major concern for voters.
effect
эффект
  • Scientists are studying the chemical's effect on the environment.
end
конец
  • You're going on holiday at the end of this month, aren't you?
example
пример
  • You should be setting an example for your little brother.
experience
опыт
  • You don't need any experience to work here.
eye
глаз
  • I fixed my eye on the clock.
face
лицо
  • He had a big smile on his face.
fact
факт
  • They have simply attempted to state the facts.
family
семья
  • A family with two children live next door.
father
отец , папа
  • My father taught me to drive.
field
поле , сфера деятельности
  • There were horses grazing in the next field.
figure
фигура , цифра
  • A small figure appeared in the doorway.
flat
квартира
  • I would like to ask you a few questions about the flat.
food
еда
  • Prices of food and clothing have risen dramatically in recent years.
form
форма
  • The car is by far the most popular form of transport.
friend
друг , подруга
  • She's visiting friends in Scotland.
game
игра
  • Monopoly is a game for all the family.
girl
девочка
  • What a pretty little girl!
government
правительство
  • The government has announced plans to raise the minimum wage next year.
group
группа
  • I know the members of this pop group.
guy
парень , молодой человек
  • Martin is a really nice guy.
hand
рука , кисть
  • He was holding a mug of coffee in his left hand.
head
голова
  • She had bruise on the side of her head.
health
здоровье
  • His health improved once he stopped working.
history
история
  • He teaches history at the local school.
home
дом , жилище
  • We go to a school close to our home.
hour
час
  • She checked on the children every hour.
house
дом , здание
  • I would like to rent a house for my summer vacation.
idea
идея
  • What a brilliant idea!
industry
индустрия , производство
  • The town was severely hit by the decline in industry.
information
информация
  • We were able to get the information we needed from the Internet.
interest
интерес
  • Tell us about your interests and hobbies.
job
работа , задание
  • It's my job to welcome new members to the club.
kid
ребёнок , козлёнок , малыш
  • There was a group of kids playing football in the street.
kind
вид , сорт
  • Many people like to try lots of different kinds of food.
language
язык
  • Linguistics is the study of language and how people use it.
law
закон
  • The new law will be passed by Parliament in June.
level
уровень
  • Unemployment is now at its lowest level for 15 years.
life
жизнь
  • She devoted her life to helping others.
line
линия , черта , граница , очередь
  • Draw a straight line.
love
любовь
  • Last night he told me he loved me.
man
мужчина
  • He is an ambitious young man!
manager
менеджер , управляющий
  • I'd like to speak to the manager.
manner
манера , поведение
  • Children learn manners by observing their parents.
market
рынок
  • She runs a stall at the farmer's market.
million
миллион
  • I've got a million things to do before I leave.
mind
ум , разум
  • His mind was full of the things he had seen that day.
minute
минута
  • I'll meet you downstairs in ten minutes.
moment
момент
  • Jane began to speak, but at the same moment Helen appeared.
money
деньги
  • No, I can't come – I haven't got any money.
month
месяц
  • I should try to finish my novel over the next few months.
morning
утро
  • What time did you get up this morning?
mother
мать , мама
  • My mother and father live in Rome.
name
имя , название
  • They used to call me all kinds of names at school.
need
необходимость , нужда
  • Are you in need of help?
night
ночь
  • It was a lovely starlit night.
number
номер , число , цифра
  • Can you read the numbers on the chart?
office
офис
  • I work in the company's Los Angeles office.
opportunity
возможность , шанс , перспектива
  • I think this trip sounds like a wonderful opportunity.
order
заказ , порядок , приказ
  • You may place your order by telephone or on the Internet.
paper
бумага
  • We had to show our papers at the security desk.
parent
родитель
  • Has Joe met your parents yet?
part
часть
  • It was a pretty boring class, but the part about using spreadsheets was quite useful.
party
вечеринка , тусовка
  • Are you going to Jim's birthday party on Saturday?
people
люди , народ
  • On this issue, government has failed to listen to the people.
period
период
  • The long dry period ended with rain.
person
человеческий , личность , человек
  • His person had been searched without legal authority.
place
место
  • I don't like crowded places.
plan
план
  • We need to make a plan before we can start on the project.
point
пункт , точка
  • I disagree with you on a couple of important points.
police
полиция
  • Over 100 police were called in to deal with the riot.
policy
политика , стратегия , принципы
  • Honesty is the best policy.
position
положение , должность , позиция
  • No one was sure of his position on any issue.
power
власть , сила
  • Power within the company is divided between the directors and the shareholders.
president
президент
  • He's the president of FIFA, football's ruling body.
price
цена , стоимость
  • They charge the same prices in all their restaurants.
problem
проблема
  • Are there any traffic problems in the city?
process
процесс
  • We use drugs to speed up the healing process.
programme
программа
  • More people watch the news than any other programme.
project
проект
  • Are there any news on an energy project?
quality
качество
  • What is the quality you most admire in others?
question
вопрос
  • Why won't you answer my question?
reason
причина
  • The police asked her the reason for her visit.
relationship
связь , отношения , отношение , взаимоотношение
  • Have you had any serious relationships in the past year?
report
отчет , доклад
  • Our next report contains images that some viewers might find upsetting.
research
исследование
  • Recent research shows that babies in the womb can be influenced by music.
rest
отдых
  • Can we stop for a minute? I need a rest.
result
результат
  • You should get your exam results next week.
road
дорога , путь , улица
  • All roads leading into the village are flooded.
room
комната , место
  • Annie ran out of the room.
school
школа
  • It's the biggest school in the city.
sense
чувство
  • Dogs have a sense of smell that is five times more sensitive than that of humans.
service
сервис , услуга , служба
  • This old van has given us years of service.
side
сторона
  • The railway ran along the north side of the valley.
society
общество
  • Society has to be prepared to support its elderly people.
staff
персонал , штат сотрудников
  • It is a small hospital with a staff of just over a hundred.
story
история , рассказ
  • She's written several children's stories.
street
улица
  • Walk along the high street and turn left.
student
студент
  • Jennifer is one of my best students.
study
изучение , кабинет , учёба
  • Libraries are not used only for study.
support
поддержка
  • The bill won strong support in London.
system
система
  • Lack of sleep can be hard on the body system.
table
стол , таблица
  • Can I book a table, please?
  • Table 6 shows that the number of murders has decreased by 30% during the last ten years.
teacher
учитель
  • We have a new French teacher at school.
team
команда
  • This is a picture of our football team.
term
семестр , период , термин
  • What classes are you taking this term?
thing
вещь , предмет
  • I have a lot of things to do today.
time
время , раз
  • Time seemed to pass more quickly than before.
type
тип
  • What type of dog have you got?
use
применение
  • This is not the best use of your talents.
view
точка зрения , вид
  • Jill and I have somewhat different views on the election.
war
война
  • This could easily start a trade war.
water
вода
  • From the hotel there's a beautiful view of the water.
way
способ , путь , дорога
  • I don't think this is the right way.
week
неделя
  • He travels south two days a week.
woman
женщина
  • She was a smiling young woman with dark hair.
word
слово
  • I was remembering the words of my old friend.
work
работа , труд
  • I know you've got a lot of work to do.
world
мир , земля
  • We want to guarantee our children a safer world.
year
год
  • He lived in Paris for a few years.
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