150 базовых английских прилагательных

Список из самых распространенных прилагательных в разговорной английской речи. В списке: озвучка и перевод каждого слова.

Лексика
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В каждом языке есть слова и фразы, которые используются в речи чаще других. Наш новый список состоит из 150 прилагательных, которые мы предлагаем освоить в первую очередь.

Помните, что в английском языке нет грамматического рода, поэтому одно и то же прилагательное подходит по отношению к любому человеку, животному, предмету.

Прослушайте озвучку каждого слова и повторите вслух. Если плохо помните прилагательное или слово для вас совсем новое, добавьте его в личный словарь на LingvoHabit и начинайте тренировать!

Слово / Перевод Пример
additional
дополнительный
  • The new factory will create an additional 400 jobs.
afraid
испуганный
  • I was afraid that you'd miss the flight.
angry
сердитый , рассерженный , злой
  • He is very angry about the way he's been treated.
anxious
беспокойный
  • His silence made me anxious.
asleep
спящий
  • Are you asleep yet?
attentive
внимательный , предупредительный
  • Service at this small hotel is friendly and attentive.
available
доступный , в наличии , в распоряжени
  • I'll call you as soon as tickets become available.
basic
основной , базовый
  • Rice is the basic ingredient of the dish.
beautiful
привлекательный , красивый , прекрасный
  • Their mother was a very beautiful woman.
big
большой
  • The company faces big problems.
boring
скучный
  • The movie we watched yesterday was extremely boring.
brave
храбрый
  • He was a brave soldier who fought and died for his country.
bright
яркий , умный
  • She was married to a bright young lawyer.
busy
занятой
  • Parents of young children are always busy.
calm
спокойный
  • An hour after our quarrel, I started to feel calm.
careful
осмотрительный , заботливый , осторожный , внимательный , аккуратный
  • Teachers have to be careful when criticizing pupils.
cheap
дешёвый
  • People were drinking cheap wine from plastic cups.
  • People should have access to cheap, fresh food.
clean
чистый
  • Go and put on a clean shirt.
clever
умный
  • Her son is a polite and clever boy.
cold
холодный
  • The water was too cold for a shower.
comfortable
удобный , комфортный
  • Sit quietly in a comfortable position.
confident
уверенный
  • We were confident of victory.
conscious
сознательный , осознанный
  • Teachers are increasingly conscious of the importance of the Internet.
constant
постоянный
  • The children need constant supervision.
convenient
подходящий , удобный
  • If it's convenient, call me tomorrow before noon.
cool
прохладный , клёвый
  • The water was wonderfully cool and refreshing.
  • We had such a cool time at your party.
correct
правильный , надлежащий , корректный
  • The first person to give the correct answer wins the contest.
curious
любопытный
  • I didn't mean to pry. I'm just curious.
dangerous
опасный
  • Ashley is playing a dangerous game, pretending to support both parties.
dark
тёмный , присматривать
  • He was dressed in a dark suit with a white shirt.
deep
глубокий
  • The river is quite deep here.
different
разный , непохожий , отличающийся , различный
  • Six different boys asked me to dance.
difficult
сложный , тяжёлый , трудный
  • Choosing the winner was a difficult task.
dirty
грязный
  • I felt dirty, hungry, and cold.
easy
лёгкий , простой , нетрудный
  • Finding somewhere to live in London isn't easy.
efficient
квалифицированный , эффективный
  • The new machine is far more efficient than the old one.
empty
пустой , свободный
  • His pockets were empty.
every
каждый , любой
  • Every bedroom has its own private bathroom.
exact
точный , строгий
  • She led rescuers to the exact spot where the injured climber was lying.
exciting
захватывающий , волнующий
  • The launch of our digital satellite service is one of the most exciting things I've worked on.
expensive
дорогостоящий , дорогой
  • My best friend always wears expensive clothes.
fair
честный , порядочный , светлый
  • We aim to provide healthy food at fair prices.
famous
известный
  • He dreamed of becoming a famous footballer.
fast
быстрый
  • Simon loves fast cars.
fat
толстый
  • He's got a rather fat face.
fine
нормальный , хороший
  • I'm not very hungry. A sandwich will be fine for me.
firm
твёрдый
  • I sleep better on a firm mattress.
flat
плоский , ровный
  • She put the fruit on a large flat plate.
foreign
иностранный
  • Working in a foreign country takes some time to get used to.
formal
формальный , официальный
  • When we first met, he was a little stiff and formal.
former
бывший
  • The ceremony honoured all the former presidents who are still living.
free
бесплатный , свободный
  • There is plenty of free parking.
fresh
свежий
  • You can use fresh or tinned tomatoes for this recipe.
friendly
дружелюбный
  • I enjoy working there – everyone is so friendly.
frightful
устрашающий , пугающий , ужасающий
  • The weather outside was frightful.
full
полный
  • He turned the radio on full volume.
funny
забавный , смешной
  • Wouldn't it be funny if we played a trick on him?
gorgeous
изумительный , прекрасный
  • Mandy was there, looking gorgeous as usual.
guilty
виновный
  • You shouldn't feel guilty all the time – you've done nothing to be ashamed of.
happy
счастливый , весёлый
  • The children seem very happy at new school.
hard
тяжёлый , твёрдый
  • It is too hard to answer these questions.
healthy
здоровый
  • Exercise can be fun, and being healthy feels great!
heavy
крупный , тяжёлый
  • The bag was heavier than I'd expected.
helpful
полезный , отзывчивый , предупредительный
  • It is a helpful guide to choosing colleges.
historical
исторический
  • The painting depicts an actual historical event.
honest
честный
  • Most young people are decent and honest.
hot
горячий , жаркий
  • Cook the fish under a hot grill for 5 minutes.
huge
огромный , грандиозный
  • She arrived at the airport carrying two huge suitcases.
hungry
голодный
  • We were cold, tired, and hungry.
ill
больной
  • He's been ill for a couple of weeks.
illegal
незаконный
  • It's illegal to buy cigarettes in Britain if you're under 16.
important
важный
  • Music was an important part of the life of the community.
impossible
невозможный
  • We were faced with an impossible task.
independent
независимый
  • His wages enabled him to become economically independent of his family.
informal
неформальный , неофициальный
  • It was very informal – more of a chat than an interview.
innocent
невиновный , невинный
  • Under the law, everyone is considered innocent until proved guilty.
interesting
интересный
  • She's an interesting new writer.
international
международный
  • She was the boss of a large international company.
kind
добрый
  • She was very kind to me when the children were ill.
large
крупный , большой
  • The house had an exceptionally large garden.
leading
ведущий , главный , передовой
  • Jack is our leading player this season.
legal
законный
  • Do you know anything about US legal system?
light
лёгкий , светлый , лёгкий , не тяжелый
  • The table is a lot lighter than it looks.
little
маленький
  • Use the little pan for making the sauce.
lonely
одинокий , пустынный , уединённый
  • She must feel desperately lonely with all her family in Scotland.
long
длинный , долгий
  • It's a long time since I saw Rachel.
loose
просторный , небрежный , шаткий
  • This is a loose translation of the letter.
loud
громкий , шумный
  • There was a loud knocking on the door.
lucky
удачливый
  • A lucky winner will receive $1000.
necessary
необходимый
  • It was necessary for all students to register a week in advance.
nice
милый , приятный
  • She's a nice girl.
normal
обычный , нормальный
  • He's no hero – just a normal human being.
obvious
очевидный
  • The most obvious explanation is not always the correct one.
official
официальный , служебный
  • There will be an official investigation into last week's accident.
old
старый
  • There's an old belief that animals can predict earthquakes.
opposite
противоположный , обратный
  • On the opposite side of the road from the school was the church.
perfect
идеальный , безупречный
  • Her English was perfect.
pleasant
приятный
  • The weather has been very pleasant on the whole.
polite
вежливый , воспитанный
  • You must be more polite to the customers.
poor
бедный
  • The poor child had lost both his parents.
popular
популярный
  • She's the most popular teacher in school.
possible
возможный
  • The task will not be possible without access to the Internet.
powerful
властный
  • The president is more powerful than the prime minister.
quiet
тихий
  • Electric cars are quiet and pollution-free.
rare
редкий
  • It's extremely rare for her to smile.
recent
недавний
  • Is that a recent photo?
relevant
уместный , актуальный
  • Once we have all the relevant information, we can make a decision.
remarkable
выдающийся , знаменитый
  • The play has been a remarkable success.
remote
дальний , труднодоступный , удалённый
  • My grandparents were from a remote village in China.
responsible
ответственный
  • The manager is responsible for the general running of the theatre.
rich
богатый
  • His invention has made him a rich man.
rude
грубый
  • I don't want to seem rude, but I'd rather be alone.
sad
грустный , унылый , печальный
  • Reading our granny's letter made us all feel sad.
safe
сохранный , надежный , безопасный
  • Travelling by plane is much safer than driving your own car.
  • Will my car be safe if I park it in the street?
secure
безопасный , надежный
  • Check that all windows and doors are secure.
sensible
благоразумный , здравый
  • This seems to be a sensible way of dealing with the problem.
short
низкий , короткий
  • Could you give us a short summary of what happened?
silly
глупый , непутёвый , пустой
  • Don't get upset over silly things that people say.
similar
похожий
  • We have similar hobbies and interests.
slow
медленный
  • The first part of the film is very slow.
small
маленький
  • These shoes are too small for me.
smooth
гладкий
  • A baby's skin is as smooth as silk.
strange
странный
  • When you arrive in a new country, everything seems strange.
strict
строгий
  • He's quite a strict trainer, but we all like him.
strong
сильный
  • Are you strong enough to carry that heavy box?
successful
успешный
  • The successful candidates will be given extensive training.
sudden
внезапный
  • His departure was very sudden and unexpected.
suitable
подходящий , пригодный
  • The film is not suitable for children.
suspicious
подозрительный , недоверчивый
  • Colleagues became suspicious when he started acting strangely.
sweet
сладкий , милый , приятный
  • I'd like something sweet, like a piece of cake.
tall
высокий
  • She's much taller than me.
tasty
вкусный
  • This soup is very tasty.
terrible
ужасный
  • I'm afraid there's been a terrible mistake.
thin
худой , тонкий
  • Did you notice how thin her wrists were?
thirsty
испытывающий жажду
  • I'm really thirsty – could I have a glass of water?
tight
узкий , тесный
  • I can't untie the knot – it's too tight.
tiny
крошечный
  • The print is so tiny, you need a magnifying glass to read it.
tired
уставший , усталый
  • She was too tired to do any more.
traditional
традиционный
  • All the dancers and musicians wore traditional costumes.
typical
типичный
  • I must look like the typical tourist with my shorts and my camera.
useful
полезный
  • Here's some useful information about travel in Canada.
usual
обычный
  • She gave us her usual polite smile.
valuable
ценный
  • The necklace is very valuable.
warm
тёплый
  • It was warm enough for us to sit outside.
weak
слабый
  • They can always improve by working on their weak points.
weird
странный , причудливый
  • I had a weird dream last night.
wide
широкий
  • Beijing has wide avenues and boulevards
wise
мудрый
  • Sally is a wise and cautious woman.
wonderful
чудесный
  • There is a wonderful sea view from our hotel room.
young
молодой
  • Jenna is the youngest person in our family.
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