Курс английского языка Famous Places: пример урока

Показываем как выглядит один из уроков нового курса на LingvoHabit. Тема – мировые достопримечательности, их история, интересные факты.

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Недавно на платформе LingvoHabit вышел курс английского языка для продвинутого уровня Famous Places. Формат: текст и аудио.

Каждый урок посвящён известной достопримечательности или одному из так называемых чудес света. Включает в себя: текст по теме, аудио озвучка текста, список слов к уроку, упражнения на практику пройденного (перевод фраз, тест, аудирование).

Подробнее о курсе.

В этой статье частично приводим пример одного из уроков по теме Machu Picchu.

Словарь

Слово / Перевод Пример
abandoned
заброшенный , покинутый
  • An abandoned baby was found in a box on the hospital steps.
  • Shelters are full of abandoned pets.
assume
предполагать , считать , предположить
  • I assumed that you knew each other because you went to the same school.
defeat
победить , уничтожить , разгромить , одолеть
  • They defeated the Italian team and reached the final.
designate
назначить , определить , обозначить , провозгласить
  • Nobody has yet been designated as the leader.
  • The park was designated as an area of outstanding natural beauty in 1975.
establish
создать , установить , учредить
  • The company was established in 1822.
  • These methods of working were established in the last century.
hallowed
священный
  • People of India have many hallowed traditions.
heritage
наследие , достояние
  • These monuments are a vital part of the cultural heritage of South America.
invader
захватчик , оккупант
  • The foreign invaders were finally defeated by allied forces.
nobility
дворянство , знать
  • These ideas gradually became accepted among the nobility.
notion
идея , мнение , представление
  • I have only a vague notion of what she does for a living.
peasant
крестьянин
  • The majority of the population are landless peasants.
pinnacle
вершина , кульминация , предел
  • This film marked the pinnacle of her acting career.
plaza
площадь
  • We visited New York City's Rockefeller Plaza.
precinct
участок , район , двор
  • It was the tenth electoral precinct.
prowess
мастерство , навыки , мощь
  • He's always boasting about his athletic prowess.
revere
уважать , почитать
  • Nelson Mandela is revered for his brave fight against apartheid.
sacred
священный , сакральный , духовный
  • Jerusalem is sacred to Christians, Muslims, and Jews.
steep slope
крутой склон
  • At the end of the garden there is a steep slope.
stumble upon
натолкнуться , наткнуться
  • Workmen stumbled upon the mosaic while digging foundations for a new building.
substantially
существенно , значительно
  • We have substantially increased the number of courses.
tag
пометить , помечать , маркировать , отмечать
  • Every item is tagged with a number that identifies it.
temple
храм , монастырь , святилище
  • We entered a beautiful Buddhist temple.
tomb
гробница , склеп
  • When they opened up the tomb they found treasure beyond their wildest dreams.
trekking route
экскурсионный маршрут
  • Which trekking route have you chosen?
virtually
практически , фактически , буквально
  • Virtually all the students live in university halls of residence.
wipe out
стереть , уничтожить , искоренить , истребить
  • The Inca's civilization was wiped out by Spanish invaders.

Текст

Machu Picchu is believed to have been a royal estate or sacred religious site for Inca leaders, whose civilization was virtually wiped out by Spanish invaders.

It was tagged as a lost city before an American archaeologist Hiram Bingham stumbled upon it in 1911. The abandoned citadel's existence was a secret known only to peasants living in the region. Its site runs for over 5 miles, with over 3,000 stone stairs connecting its many levels. Today, its beauty makes it one of the world's most remarkable artificial wonders.

What makes Machu Picchu a Special Place

The Inca Empire's capital was where Machu Picchu was discovered. Because the Spanish invaders never found the city when they defeated the Inca in the 1600s. The lost city is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site and has its name as one of the world's New Seven Wonders.

Many archaeologists now assume Machu Picchu was a royal estate for Inca monarchs and nobility. Some have speculated that it was a holy spot because of its closeness to mountains and other physical features revered by the Incas.

When and Why Machu Picchu was Built

Several archaeologists believe the city was first established around 1450, during the height of the Inca Empire. Construction on the site is assumed to have proceeded until the Spanish invaded the empire in the mid-to-late 1500s.

Machu Picchu was assumed to be established as a royal estate for Pachacuti, the ninth Inca King. However, archaeologists are unsure why he built it. There are several ideas as to why he had it constructed. One notion is that it was the king's vacation resort. It is located in a milder climate than Cusco, Peru's city. It's also in a lovely setting and would have made an excellent retreat for the king. According to another theory, it could also have been built as a hallowed religious location. Perhaps it was a mix of the two views.

Why is Machu Picchu a World Heritage Site

Machu Picchu represents the Inca Empire at its pinnacle in terms of technological prowess and productivity. Variety of habitation has boosted the value of the citadel based on the fact that it has significant archaeological benefits. Because of its natural value, the citadel has been designated as a protected area, and its cultural attraction has made it a unique place that draws researchers and tourists together.

Precincts, plazas, temples, tombs, food storage rooms, stone waterways, stairways, and platforms are spread across the mountain's topography in a unique work in urban planning. The terraces were built about 700 years ago to protect land, boost agriculture, and function as part of an extensive water distribution system that prevented retained water erosion on steep slopes.

The monument was built in the 15th century and served as a site of worship, astronomical observation, and a resting spot for the Inca Pachacutec royal family.

Best Time to Visit Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu and the trekking routes that lead to this fantastic location are substantially less busy during the buffer months. Weather conditions are often favourable, making it the best season to hike and climb Machu Picchu. A few clouds and raindrops here and there provide the ideal photographic chances.

Тест

Пройти остальные упражнения в данном уроке и открыть следующие занятия курса вы можете на платформе LingvoHabit. Авторизуйтесь или зарегистрируйтесь на сайте, чтобы продолжить тренировку!

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